The CP is the first legally-binding international treaty governing shipments and trade of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology. The treaty is part of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and it was adopted by more than 130 countries after five years of negotiation. It entered into force on September 11, 2003. Upon entry into force, a number of provisions of the Protocol have to immediately take effect, including necessary and appropriate legal, administrative and other measures to implement the protocol.
The objective of the CP is to ensure an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of, and experience with, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health, and specifically focusing on transboundary movements. The heart of the treaty is the establishment of a procedure called Advanced Informed Agreement (AIA).
Status of Countries Ratification & Entry Into Force:
As of Tuesday, June 07, 2005, 119 instruments of ratification or accession have been deposited with the UN Secretary-General More.
Cartagena Protocol in English
Cartagena Protocol in French
Cartagena Protocol in Arabic